The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body and is most easily injured. It is made up of four major things: bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons. Your knee if a complex joint with many components, making it vulnerable to a variety of injuries. Many knee injuries can be successfully treated with simple measures, such as bracing and rehabilitation exercises. Other injuries may require surgery to correct.
The most common knee injuries include fractures around the knee, dislocation, and sprains and tears of soft tissues. Pain and swelling are the most common signs of knee injury.
The most common bone broken around the knee is the patella. The ends of the femur and tibia where they meet to form the knee joint can also be fractured.
A dislocation occurs when the bones of the knee are out of place, either completely or partially.
The anterior cruciate ligament is often injured during sports activities. Athletes who participate in high demand sports like soccer, football, and basketball are more likely to injure their ACL.
The posterior cruciate ligament is often injured from a blow to the front of the knee while the knee is bent.
Collateral ligament injuries are usually caused by a force that pushes the knee sideways.
Sudden meniscal tears often happen during sports and can occur when twisting, cutting, pivoting, or being tackled.
The quadriceps and patellar tendons can be stretched and torn. Although anyone can injure these tendons, tears are more common among middle-ages people who play running or jumping sports.
Call our Consult-A-Nurse® team 24/7 at 877.689.DOCS (3627) to find an orthopedic specialist, make an appointment or learn more about orthopedic services at Parham Doctors’ Hospital.