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Average ER Wait Times

Chippenham Hospital

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Chippenham Pediatric Emergency Room

-- mins

Hanover Emergency Center

-- mins

Henrico Doctors' Hospital

-- mins

John Randolph Medical Center

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Johnston-Willis Hospital

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Parham Doctors' Hospital

-- mins

Retreat Doctors' Hospital

-- mins

Swift Creek Emergency Center

-- mins

West Creek Emergency Center

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Reducing Your Risk of Scleroderma

The development of scleroderma has been associated with various environmental exposures. One way to possibly reduce your risk of scleroderma is to avoid these exposures.

Revision Information

  • Scleroderma. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Scleroderma/default.asp. Updated August 2012. Accessed August 8, 2013.

  • Systemic sclerosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 5, 2013. Accessed August 8, 2013.

  • What is scleroderma? Scleroderma Foundation website. Available at: http://www.scleroderma.org/site/PageServer?pagename=patients%5Fwhatis#.V2G4ck2FPIU. Accessed August 8, 2013.