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Average ER Wait Times

Chippenham Hospital

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Chippenham Pediatric Emergency Room

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Hanover Emergency Center

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Henrico Doctors' Hospital

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John Randolph Medical Center

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Johnston-Willis Hospital

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Parham Doctors' Hospital

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Retreat Doctors' Hospital

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Swift Creek Emergency Center

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TriCities Emergency Center

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West Creek Emergency Center

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Reducing Your Risk of Scleroderma

The development of scleroderma has been associated with various environmental exposures, such as certain chemicals. One way to possibly reduce your risk of scleroderma is to avoid these exposures.

Revision Information

  • Localized scleroderma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114314/Localized-scleroderma. Updated June 4, 2013. Accessed November 29, 2016.

  • Scleroderma. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Scleroderma/default.asp. Updated August 2016. Accessed November 29, 2016.

  • Systemic sclerosis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116347/Systemic-sclerosis. Updated June 9, 2016. Accessed November 29, 2016.

  • What is scleroderma? Scleroderma Foundation website. Available at: http://www.scleroderma.org/site/PageServer?pagename=patients%5Fwhatis#.WEhnf02QzIV. Accessed November 29, 2016.