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Average ER Wait Times

Chippenham Hospital

-- mins

Chippenham Pediatric Emergency Room

-- mins

Hanover Emergency Center

-- mins

Henrico Doctors' Hospital

-- mins

John Randolph Medical Center

-- mins

Johnston-Willis Hospital

-- mins

Parham Doctors' Hospital

-- mins

Retreat Doctors' Hospital

-- mins

Swift Creek Emergency Center

-- mins

West Creek Emergency Center

-- mins

Treatments for End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD)

There is no cure for ESRD. Treatment aims to prevent the buildup of harmful wastes in the blood and slow the progression of the disease.

Treatment may involve the following:

Lifestyle changesMedicationsSurgeryOther treatments: dialysis

Revision Information

  • Andrews PA. Renal transplantation BMJ. 2002;324(7336):530-534.

  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 22, 2013. Accessed July 2, 2013.

  • What I need to know about kidney failure and how it's treated. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/kidney-disease/kidney-failure-choosing-a-treatment-thats-right-for-you/Pages/ez.aspx. Updated September 15, 2010. Accessed July 2, 2013.

  • Yu HT. Progression of chronic renal failure. Arch Int Med. 2003;163(12):1417-1429.